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 • Mammals Can Breathe Through Their Intestines
    fahrbot-bot shares a report from Gizmodo: When pressed for oxygen some fish and sea cucumbers will use their lower intestines to get a little extra out of their environment. Now a team of Japanese researchers say that mammals are also capable of respirating through their rectal cavity at least in a lab setting. The team's research is published today in the journal Med and describes the capacity for mice rats and pigs to survive longer and have more strength in low-oxygen circumstances when given oxygen gas or an oxygen-rich liquid through their rectums in a process similar to an enema. While fish like loaches and catfish use a similar method to gain additional oxygen in the natural world this doesn't appear to be an evolutionary adaptation for mammals. In other words mammalian bodies can't naturally do this but with a little push from modern science it becomes possible. Previous research has seen oxygen injected directly into mammalian bloodstreams prolonging the lives of rabbits but the rectal approach to the low-oxygen problem is novel. The experiment while disturbing was designed to find new ways to save the lives of people whose lungs are failing. These treatments prolonged the animals' survival in a low-oxygen setting by staving off respiratory failure. Mice were given both the gas and liquid oxygen delivery methods while the rats and pigs only received the liquid treatment. In a lab-controlled hypoxic setting (a chamber that was 9.5% oxygenated) mice without the supplemental oxygenation died after about 11 minutes. With the treatment three-quarters of the tested mice survived for nearly an hour in the same lethal conditions. ScienceAlert adds these details: Initially their research subjects were mice who were thankfully anesthetized for the next part. The researchers developed an oxygen ventilation system to be inserted anally; they induced hypoxia via tracheal intubation and compared mice ventilated intestinally to control mice who received no ventilation. Of the control mice not a single one survived longer than 11 minutes. This was in marked contrast to the mice receiving intestinal oxygen 75 percent of which survived for 50 minutes. read more >>


 • Apple Patents a Way To Deliver 3D Content Without 3D Glasses
    Apple has patented the ability to deliver 3D content to devices like the iPhone iPad and Macs without requiring 3D glasses. From a report: The company recently filed a patent with the heading of "Split-screen driving of electronic device displays." And the tech it describes means that flat screens on smartphones and tablets will be able to show an image in 3D without the viewer having to wear any glasses or VR headset. The idea is that iPhone and iPad screen will be able to display two different images simultaneously in a way that will fool your brain into seeing a three-dimensional image. Yes there are already devices that do this but the patent notes that existing methods are "problematic" stating: "it can be difficult to provide this type of content on a multi-function device such as a smartphone or a tablet without generating visible artifacts such as motion blur luminance offsets or other effects which can be unpleasant or even dizzying to a viewer." The rest of the patent application goes into a great deal of depth about how Apple plans to resolve these problems and create a smooth 3D viewing experience on a flat screen without the need for glasses. This is gets hugely technical but starts from the notion that the screen switches between left and right sides of an image via alternating pixel rows. The patent is also quite vague about how this will all work on a practical level. It doesn't state for example what angle viewers will need to position their iPhone or iPad at to get the effect. But it does show that Apple is serious about developing this tech and has put some proper thought into it. read more >>


 • A Toshiba Business Unit Says It Has Been Attacked By Hacking Group DarkSide
    A division of Toshiba said in a statement on Friday that its European business has been hit by a cyberattack by cyber criminal group DarkSide which is the same group that the U.S. FBI blamed for the Colonial Pipeline attack. According to a Toshiba spokesperson the attack occurred the evening of May 4. CNBC reports: The Toshiba unit which sells self-checkout technology and point-of-sale systems to retailers told CNBC that it has not paid a ransom. "They required money but we didn't contact them and didn't pay any money" a spokesperson said. Toshiba Tec said that a "minimal" amount of work data was stolen in a ransomware attack. No leaks of the data have been detected so far and protective measures were put in place after the cyber-attack the company said. Further reading: Darkside Ransomware Gang Says It Lost Control of Its Servers Money a Day After Biden Threat read more >>


 • TSMC Is Considering a 3nm Foundry In Arizona
    An anonymous reader quotes a report from Ars Technica: Reuters reports that TSMC -- Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company the chip foundry making advanced processors for Apple AMD and Qualcomm -- is beefing up its plans to build factories in Arizona while turning away from an advanced plant in Europe. Last year TSMC announced that it would invest $10-$12 billion to build a new 5 nm capable foundry near Phoenix Arizona. According to Reuters' sources TSMC officials are considering trebling the company's investment by building a $25 billion second factory capable of building 3 nm chips. More tentative plans are in the works for 2 nm foundries as the Phoenix campus grows over the next 10-15 years as well. TSMC's focus on the US rather than Europe may have a lot to do with the company's market -- in Q1 2021 67 percent of its sales were in North America 17 percent were in Asia Pacific and only 6 percent came from Europe and the Middle East. The majority of TSMC's European clients are auto manufacturers who buy cheaper and less-advanced chips. read more >>


 • 'I Made Doge In Like Two Hours': Dogecoin Creator Says He 'Didn't Consider' Environmental Impact
    One of the creators of dogecoin has noted that he "didn't consider" the environmental impact of the cryptocurrency which was initially created as a joke. The Independent reports: The comments from Billy Markus one of the people who helped create dogecoin in the first place when it was intended partly as a joke came in response to a tweet from Elon Musk. Mr Musk had been attempting to clarify his position on cryptocurrency generally in the wake of his statement about Tesla. "To be clear I strongly believe in crypto but it can't drive a massive increase in fossil fuel use especially coal" Mr Musk had written. In response Mr Markus sent a crying face emoji which he later clarified he had meant to indicate "aw man you right environment stuff." In reply to that Mr Markus was asked whether he had considered energy usage when creating the cryptocurrency. "i made doge in like 2 hours i didn't consider anything" he wrote. Dogecoin was created in 2013 in reference to the meme and to poke fun at the vast numbers of cryptocurrencies that had been launched. But Mr Markus helped build the technical foundations that allow it to practically work too. Like bitcoin dogecoin requires miners to undertake complex cryptographical puzzles to create new bitcoins. That system known as proof-of-work relies on large amounts of computing power that use considerable amounts of energy much of which is generated from fossil fuels. read more >>


 • 'Scheme Flooding' Technique May Be Used To Deanonymize You
    sandbagger shares a report from The Register: FingerprintJS maker of a browser-fingerprinting library for fraud prevention on Thursday said it has identified a more dubious fingerprinting technique capable of generating a consistent identifier across different desktop browsers including the Tor Browser. Konstantin Darutkin senior software engineer at FingerprintJS said in a blog post that the company has dubbed the privacy vulnerability "scheme flooding." The name refers to abusing custom URL schemes which make web links like "skype://" or "slack://" prompt the browser to open the associated application. "The scheme flooding vulnerability allows an attacker to determine which applications you have installed" explains Darutkin. "In order to generate a 32-bit cross-browser device identifier a website can test a list of 32 popular applications and check if each is installed or not." Visiting the schemeflood.com site using a desktop (not mobile) browser and clicking on the demo will generate a flood of custom URL scheme requests using a pre-populated list of likely apps. A browser user would typically see a pop-up permission modal window that says something like "Open Slack.app? A website wants to open this application. [canel] [Open Slack.app]." But in this case the demo script just cancels if the app is present or reads the error as confirmation of the app's absence. It then displays the icon of the requested app if found and moves on to its next query. The script uses each app result as a bit to calculate the identifier. The fact that the identifier remains consistent across different browsers means that cross-browser tracking is possible which violates privacy expectations. read more >>


 • Confronting Disinformation Spreaders on Twitter Only Makes It Worse MIT Scientists Say
    According to a new study conducted by researchers at MIT being corrected online just makes the original posters more toxic and obnoxious. From a report: Basically the new thinking is that correcting fake news disinformation and horrible tweets at all is bad and makes everything worse. This is a "perverse downstream consequence for debunking" and is the exact title of MIT research published in the '2021 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems.' The core takeaway is that "being corrected by another user for posting false political news increases subsequent sharing of low quality partisan and toxic content." The MIT researchers' work is actually a continuation of their study into the effects of social media. This recent experiment started because the team had previously discovered something interesting about how people behave online. "In a recent paper published in Nature we found that a simple accuracy nudge -- asking people to judge the accuracy of a random headline -- improved the quality of the news they shared afterward (by shifting their attention towards the concept of accuracy)" David Rand an MIT researcher and co-author of the paper told Motherboard in an email. "In the current study we wanted to see whether a similar effect would happen if people who shared false news were directly corrected" he said. "Direct correction could be an even more powerful accuracy prime -- or it could backfire by making people feel defensive or focusing their attention on social factors (eg embarrassment) rather than accuracy." read more >>


 • 'Black Fungus' Complication Adds To India's COVID Woes
    The Indian government has told doctors to look out for signs of mucormycosis or "black fungus" in COVID-19 patients as hospitals report a rise in cases of the rare but potentially fatal infection. From a report: The state-run Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) said at the weekend that doctors treating COVID-19 patients diabetics and those with compromised immune systems should watch for early symptoms including sinus pain or nasal blockage on one side of the face one-sided headache swelling or numbness toothache and loosening of teeth. The disease which can lead to blackening or discolouration over the nose blurred or double vision chest pain breathing difficulties and coughing blood is strongly linked to diabetes. And diabetes can in turn be exacerbated by steroids such as dexamethasone used to treat severe COVID-19. "There have been cases reported in several other countries - including the UK U.S. France Austria Brazil and Mexico but the volume is much bigger in India" said David Denning a professor at Britain's Manchester University and an expert at the Global Action Fund for Fungal Infections (GAFFI) charity. Further reading about the 'black fungus': BBC; NPR the New York Times and the Guardian. read more >>


 • Language Models Like GPT-3 Could Herald a New Type of Search Engine
    An anonymous reader quotes a report from MIT Technology Review: In 1998 a couple of Stanford graduate students published a paper describing a new kind of search engine: "In this paper we present Google a prototype of a large-scale search engine which makes heavy use of the structure present in hypertext. Google is designed to crawl and index the Web efficiently and produce much more satisfying search results than existing systems." The key innovation was an algorithm called PageRank which ranked search results by calculating how relevant they were to a user's query on the basis of their links to other pages on the web. On the back of PageRank Google became the gateway to the internet and Sergey Brin and Larry Page built one of the biggest companies in the world. Now a team of Google researchers has published a proposal for a radical redesign that throws out the ranking approach and replaces it with a single large AI language model such as BERT or GPT-3 -- or a future version of them. The idea is that instead of searching for information in a vast list of web pages users would ask questions and have a language model trained on those pages answer them directly. The approach could change not only how search engines work but what they do -- and how we interact with them. [Donald Metzler and his colleagues at Google Research] are interested in a search engine that behaves like a human expert. It should produce answers in natural language synthesized from more than one document and back up its answers with references to supporting evidence as Wikipedia articles aim to do. Large language models get us part of the way there. Trained on most of the web and hundreds of books GPT-3 draws information from multiple sources to answer questions in natural language. The problem is that it does not keep track of those sources and cannot provide evidence for its answers. There's no way to tell if GPT-3 is parroting trustworthy information or disinformation -- or simply spewing nonsense of its own making. Metzler and his colleagues call language models dilettantes -- "They are perceived to know a lot but their knowledge is skin deep." The solution they claim is to build and train future BERTs and GPT-3s to retain records of where their words come from. No such models are yet able to do this but it is possible in principle and there is early work in that direction. There have been decades of progress on different areas of search from answering queries to summarizing documents to structuring information says Ziqi Zhang at the University of Sheffield UK who studies information retrieval on the web. But none of these technologies overhauled search because they each address specific problems and are not generalizable. The exciting premise of this paper is that large language models are able to do all these things at the same time he says. read more >>


 • Top Researchers Are Calling For a Broader Investigation Into the Origin of Covid-19
    In a letter in the journal Science 18 prominent biologists -- including the world's foremost coronavirus researcher -- are lending their weight to calls for a new investigation of all possible origins of the virus and calling on China's laboratories and agencies to "open their records" to independent analysis. UPDATE:The New York Times points out that at least one of the signers an epidemiologist and evolutionary biologist at the University of Chicago told them explicitly that "I think it is more likely than not that SARS-CoV-2 emerged from an animal reservoir rather than a lab." And the Times notes that "Unlike other recent statements the new letter did not come down in favor of one scenario or another." But Kristian Andersen a virologist at the Scripps Research Institute still points out to the Times that "the letter suggests a false equivalence between the lab escape and natural origin scenarios. To this day no credible evidence has been presented to support the lab leak hypothesis which remains grounded in speculation." read more >>




coming soon...


Greater Philadelphia Chamber of Commerce:


 • More Than Money: Philly Chamber Reports on 10 Key Practices to Retain Young Talent
    The Chamber of Commerce for Greater Philadelphia Shares Recommendations Based on 18-Month Research Initiative With Greater Philadelphia boasting top-tier education institutions excellent quality of life a thriving job market and the fastest-growing millennial population in the nation the talent here is more abundant than ever. But as expectations in the modern workplace continue to evolve […] >> read more or comment


 • Member Perspective: Uva Coles
    Guest Commentator: Uva Coles Vice President Institutional Advancement & Strategic Partnerships Peirce College @PeirceCollege How can employers leverage their resources for community involvement in distressed neighborhoods? How does this improve Philadelphia’s economic and civic life? The conversation is changing.  Just a few years ago I found myself in meeting after meeting discussing Philadelphia’s economic disconnects […] >> read more or comment


 • Mayor Jim Kenney’s Third Annual Address to the Chamber of Commerce for Greater Philadelphia
    On February 6 2018 Mayor Jim Kenney addressed over 1700 members of the business community in his annual speech at the Mayoral Luncheon. Read his full remarks below: Thank you John for the introduction and for inviting me to be here today. I want to recognize Chamber President & CEO Rob Wonderling and this year’s […] >> read more or comment


 • 6 ways to team up with Philly’s schools
    On Monday January 29 2018 the Chamber of Commerce for Greater Philadelphia hosted Roadmap for Growth: Exploring Business Engagement in Philadelphia’s Schools. It was a crowded room at Girard College that night with more than 200 business education and civic leaders with passionate ideas. Read on for a few takeaways from our education issue forum. […] >> read more or comment


 • CEO Council for Growth features iBreastExam’s health care breakthrough in Philadelphia region
    Hand-held breast cancer scanner highlights journey from university lab to marketplace PHILADELPHIA — A great innovation requires many things for it to work — the right idea with the perfect development team bringing it to life. It also requires funding. For the team behind the iBreastExam a hand-held breast cancer screening tool that last piece […] >> read more or comment


 • Congrats to the Philadelphia Eagles
    The Philadelphia Eagles have been esteemed Chamber members since 1947. With a relationship spanning over 70 years the Chamber values the Eagles’ commitment to the Greater Philadelphia business community. From their participation as a host company for Future Ready where they help teach Philadelphia middle school students about future career opportunities to their President Don […] >> read more or comment


 • Members of Congress Advocate for Northeast Corridor Funding
    Dear Chairman Frelinghuysen Ranking Member Lowey Chairman Diaz-Balart and Ranking Member Price: On behalf of commuters and community stakeholders who rely on the Northeast Corridor (NEC) we respectfully request that any final Fiscal Year (FY) 2018 appropriations legislation include robust funding for the Federal-State Partnership for State of Good Repair a federally authorized grant program […] >> read more or comment


 • Energy Storage Advances Energy Systems and Consumption
    Submitted by: Holly White Marketing and Communications Specialist RETTEW A field covered in solar panels or a mountain ridge dotted with giant windmills have become more commonplace in today’s world. But did you know combined with battery storage systems they can save even more costs and help regulate energy supply for businesses and municipalities? Fluctuations in […] >> read more or comment


 • A New Year …and a New Leadership Role?
    Submitted by: Sharlene Goldfischer Owner and Principal Quintessence Coaching In many ways moving into a new leadership role is akin to welcoming a new year….looking back from where we came coupled with a futuristic view anticipation of the great opportunities that lie ahead and to maybe starting anew  formulating and setting plans into motion and perhaps […] >> read more or comment


 • Member Perspective: Maggie March
    Guest Commentator: Maggie March Philadelphia Director Arena Strategies Why is it important that employers encourage young professionals to pursue mentorship opportunities and how does this help them retain talent? Employers need to encourage young professionals to participate in a mentorship program for many reasons. Mentoring is an invaluable part of professional development that will ultimately […] >> read more or comment




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